Monday, September 01, 2008

ANGOLA

Photo of Angola's capital Luanda by Silje L. Bakke

Angola is very similar to a number of Western countries.

In May 2008, Bob Geldof declared that Angola is run by "criminals". (Angola's poor have yet to taste fruits of country's oil riches)

Angola has parliamentary elections on 5 september 2008.

Angola has oil and has become one of Africa's most important powers.

"With one of the world's fastest-growing economies thanks to surging oil output, the southwestern African OPEC member already enjoys increasing influence, though critics say it still has a poor record on human rights and transparency.

"President Jose Eduardo dos Santos, one of Africa's longest-serving leaders, is banking on Angola's first election since 1992 to improve the country's image, especially after post-election turmoil in Kenya and Zimbabwe this year." (Election speeds Angola's rise as African power)


José Eduardo dos Santos, President of Angola.

The United States sees itself as a friend of Angola.

In May 2008, Nicolas Sarkozy became the first French president to visit for a decade.

Angola earned around $41 billion in oil exports in 2007.

In Angola, "almost 70 per cent live on less than $2 a day, and one in four children die before their fifth birthday.

"For all its wealth, Angola languishes on the bottom rungs of most development indices, including life-expectancy and education." (Angola's poor have yet to taste fruits of country's oil riches)


Tribes in Angola

In 1975, Angola gained independence from Portugal. This led to struggle between the MPLA, backed by Cuba and the Soviet Union, and the FNLA plus Unita, supported by South Africa and the US.

In 1992, Mr dos Santos's MPLA party was returned to power in Angola's first multi-party election.


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